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Bilodeau.org http://bilodeau.org A grand experiment on business and social media Sat, 22 Mar 2014 18:05:38 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=4.6 Another Update http://bilodeau.org/?p=512 http://bilodeau.org/?p=512#respond Sat, 15 Mar 2014 04:54:55 +0000 http://bilodeau.org/?p=512 Continue reading ]]> I know there are many family tree people out there waiting for me to post more, or looking for information on Bilodeau Family Tree.

Well I just seem to always put this site on the back burner and it never gets updated, sorry about that, but for the time being here are a bunch of links that can help you!

Well I hope that answers some of your questions, sorry I just kind of hit the limit of what I found interesting on my family tree and kind of lost interest, BUT if you have a specific question feel free to email me at callonjim@gmail.com. I’m glad to help, but understand there are 15,000+ bilodeau’s it’s unlikely I’ll know where you hook up to the family tree.

 

Thanks Everyone.

 

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New Family Tree Pages Added http://bilodeau.org/?p=34 http://bilodeau.org/?p=34#comments Thu, 05 Jan 2012 22:57:08 +0000 http://bilodeau.org/?p=34 Continue reading ]]> Over the next few days I will be adding more archives of the Bilodeau family tree. I will be using the way back machine to allow me a more accurate dating of my original posts and give an overall better picture of the life of bilodeau.org over the last decade.

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Jacques Billaudeau Marriage and Family http://bilodeau.org/?p=409 http://bilodeau.org/?p=409#respond Mon, 06 Mar 2006 02:54:01 +0000 http://bilodeau.org/?p=409 Continue reading ]]> Jacques Billaudeau Marriage and Family

“Our French Canadian Ancestors”, Book 13, by Thomas J. Laforest, and Collection nos Ancêtres, By Jacques Saintonge,Sainte-Anne de Beaupré QC.

Jacques Billaudeau had been married for almost two years when he received his concession from Charles de Lauson- Charny. The marriage was registered at Quebec on 28 October 1654, but the ceremony took place in the house of the Sieur de la Ferté (11). It was there we learn that Jacques was the son of Pierre Billaudeau and of Jeanne Fleurie, and that the bride, Geneviéve Longschamps (sometimes spelled Deslongschamps), was the daughter of Pierre and of Marie Desanter. The document does not indicate the couple’s place of origin, but the list of those confirmed on 2 February 1660 at Château-Richer, says that Jacques, before coming to Canada, had lived in the region of Poitiers, but gave no further details (12).

It seems that all the Billaudeau-Longschamps children were born on the Ile d’Orléans, between 1656 and 1664. The baptismal record for Simon in 1662, has been found at Chateau-Richer; as for the others, it is necessary to rely on the approximate age mentioned in the various censuses. On this subject, let us note the local census of the arriére-fief of Charny-Lirec, which Charles de Lauson produced on 26 April 1661 (13).

This list counts forty property owners settled: ”from the boundary of Louis D’ailleboust Sr de Coulonges going step by step Towards Quebec”… ”Until the lands of Damlle Eleonore de grandmaison and her Children except for what was given to the RR MM Hospitaliéres and Ursulines & to Sr René Maheu And the depth from the north bank Including the sandbanks and the Islets As far as the Road or line which must cut the said Isle from Point to point ”. (sic)

Jacques Billaudeau’s land was then situated between that of the associates Antoine Pépin dit Lachance and Jacques Asselin, and that of Claude Charlan dit Francoeur.

The Billaudeau family was listed in the census twice in 1666 on the Ile d’Orléans (14). First they were noted as being between the lands of Nicolas Godeboust and Gabriel Gausselin, then between those of Jean Charpentier and Jacques Meneux. We note other slight variations (errors) in the ages and names between the two recordings. At that time two servants helped our pioneer who undoubtedly had great need of them: Jean Le Vasseur and Claude Febvre (15).

The census of 1667, which replaced that of 1666, was more explicit and undoubtedly more accurate. Therein it says that Jacques was 35 years old and Geneviéve 28; their children were Louise, 11; Jacques, 10; Jean, 9; Antoine, 8; Simon, 5; and Gabriel, 3. The stable sheltered six animals, and 25 arpents were under cultivation. This time their immediate neighbors were Abel Turquot and Antoine Pépin dit Lachance (16).

The Billaudeau family was listed again in the census of 1681 in the county of Saint-Laurent (the new name given to the Ile d’Orléans). Jacques was now 50 years old and his wife 42. Still living in the paternal home were: Jean, 29; Antoine, 22; Simon, 18; and Gabriel, 17. Again two servants: Mathurin Labréque, 17, and a child of 9 named Robert. The family owned a gun, 30 head of cattle and now worked 40 arpents of land (17).

NOTES:

(11) Jean Juchereau la Ferté (1620-1685), son of Jean Juchereau de Maur et de Marie Langlois, was a member of the Sovereign Council from the beginning of this institution. He already owned land on the Isle of Orléans.
(12) BRH 1941, Volume 47, page 145.
(13) Lafontaine, André.,RANF 1681, page 246.
(14) RAPQ 1935-1936, pages 70 and 79.
(15) Also known as Masson. Refers to Claude Lefebvre dit Boulanger.
(16) MSGCF 1967, Volume18, pages 22 and 23.
(17) OpCit (13), Page 246.

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George Bilodeau (b.1850) and Merilda (Florida) Pélerin (b. 1861) http://bilodeau.org/?p=420 http://bilodeau.org/?p=420#respond Mon, 06 Feb 2006 03:15:20 +0000 http://bilodeau.org/?p=420 Continue reading ]]>
George Bilodeau (b.1850) and Merilda (Florida) Pélerin (b. 1861)”History of Beaumont (Alberta) and District 1885-1960″ Copyright 1985

George was born 1850 in Ste-Marie de Beauce, PQ. There were brothers and they remained on a farm in Lac Megantic, PQ In 1878 he married Florida Pilgrim, born en1861, St-Evariste-de-Beauce.

Eight children were born in Quebec, on poor land, covered with rocks. George decided to get lucky in the Klondike. Clara, the youngest, was born in Alberta, they had settled Mill Creek, Edmonton.With the help of Father colonizers in 1906, they bought land at Beaumont. As they had not made a fortune in the Klondike, they took a lease for $10.00. The house, built 6 miles from the village of Beaumont, was in round timbers, floor and roof of earth. The whole family was not going to Mass on Sunday they were so poor the children had to share the pair of shoes with each other. When horses and working oxen pulled the plow and the family walked to the church, women stayed home.

Thomas, Adolphe, Amanda, Josephine, Theophilus, Edgar, Alexander, Lucy, Clara, here are the names of their children.

Poor Florida, she often thought of the comforts of Quebec. Faith, and charity hope, made her strong. George was a school trustee for several years.

Children, one after another, went to work in the neighborhood. The land was very fertile, enough to live well. The oxen disappeared, horses and machinery has replaced hand. They decided to sell their land to Alexander, who was returning from the war. They bought five acres of land south of the church where they grew potatoes which sold well in Edmonton. George died in 1921. Florida Theophilus moved with her son on earth the highest of Beaumont: 2.437 feet.

Florida gave up her soul to God in 1944.
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Jacques Billaudeau receives his first plot of land in Canada http://bilodeau.org/?p=416 http://bilodeau.org/?p=416#respond Fri, 06 Jan 2006 03:04:46 +0000 http://bilodeau.org/?p=416 Continue reading ]]> (A brief history of how Jacques Billaudeau received his first plot of land in Canada.)
“Our French Canadian Ancestors”, Book 13, by Thomas J. Laforest.

Charles de Lauson and his Fiefdom

(A brief history of how Jacques Billaudeau received his first plot of land in Canada.)
“Our French Canadian Ancestors”, Book 13, by Thomas J. Laforest.
On 23 June 1652, ”the small boat of the first ship from France arrived, commanded by Master Jean Poitel, the ship landed on the Isle aux Coudres”. On the following 1 July, ”arrived M. de Charny & the men from this first ship” (1). Among these men who were not named, was a passenger by the name of Jacques Billaudeau, originally from Poitou,(2) We do not know! What is certain is that the family of this M. de Charny was of Poitevin lineage and that his Parisian roots were rather recent.

Charles De Lauson and his Fief

Charles de Lauson was the last son of the governor of New France to settle on this side of the Atlantic. He made unusual progress in his time here. Six weeks after his arrival, he married the thirteen-year-old daughter of the Seigneur de Beauport, Louise Giffard. In 1656, the year of the death of his young bride, he replaced his father as administrator and commandant of the country; he then called himself ”Chevalier, Seigneur de Charny, Governor and Lieutenant-Général for the King in New France” (3).

Charles returned to France in 1657, studied for the priesthood and was ordained less than two years later. In 1659, he returned to Canada in the company of Msgr Françoise de Laval. Now, Father Charny was immediately named Vicar-General, and accompanied the newly appointed Bishop Laval on his pastoral visit to Trois-Rivières and Montreal. Charles became head clergyman of the Hotel-Dieu at Quebec. He then took over the duties of his brother Jean, the Grand Sénéchal, killed by the Iroquois in 1661. He then succeeded his father who died in Paris in 1666. Five years later, he returned to France and never came back. He spent the rest of his days at the Jesuit College at La Rochelle. (4)

To go backward in time for a moment, let us note that on 24 July 1652, Charles received from his father the most important land grant ever made on the Ile d’Orléans, the fief of Charny-Lirec. The fief included the whole north side of the island, the area of the present parishes of Sainte-Famille and Saint-Pierre. The deed mentions that persons must be chosen ”who have the will and the ability to clear and cultivate the wild lands of this country of New France in order to fill it with inhabitants”.

On 20 July 1656, Charles ”Seigneur of Charny and of I.irec” (5), pledged faith and homage to Olivier Le Tardif, provost judge of Beaupré, ”On 26 April 1661, wrote Raymond Gariepy, he completed the l’aveu et denombrement (local census) of his fief, which he gave to the administrator of the seigneurie the next day. According to this document, the fief of Lirec was almost completely inhabited in the parish of Sainte-Famille, but very little in that of Saint-Pierre ”.(6)

On 2 April 1656, notary François Badeau (7) recorded fourteen land grants made at Beauport by Charles de Lauson in his fief of Lirec. The new concessionaires were:

Robert Gagnon,
Jacques Billaudeau (Bilodeau),
Siméon Lerreau (aka Simon Lereau, ancestor of the L’Heureux family),
Louis Côté,
Guillaume Baucher dit Morency,
Michel Guyon,
Jacques Perrot dit Vildaigre,
Pierre Loignon,
Franqois Guyon,
Charles (Claude) Guyon,
René Mézié (Mezeray),
Pierre Nolin dit Lafougére,
Guillaume Landry and Maurice Arrivé.

All of these are early pioneers of the Ile d’Orléans, and these names still count numerous descendants in Quebec and North America today.

Of course, other lands had been distributed on the island before these, but very few. The island was practically deserted and it would still be necessary for the habitants to wait more than ten years to finally obtain their first church.(8)

According to Léon Roy, (9) all of these habitants had already occupied their lands for several years. The acts of Badeau had simply served to ratify a situation of fact. The homestead that Jacques Billaudeau occupied at that time was the last on the west side, between that of Denis Guyon (which was sold in 1659 to the partners Jacques Asselin and Antoine Pépin dit Lachance) and the lands of the domain not ceded.

This property had four arpents of frontage on the north side of the river and was about 72 arpents in depth . It was directly across from the boundary between the parishes of Chateau-Richer and Saint-Anne. It was later divided between Jacques’s two sons: Simon and Antoine. They were already settled there in 1709, as indicated by the map drawn up by Jean- Baptiste de Couagne, the surveyor associated with Gédéon de Catalogne (10).

NOTES:

(1) Although, no one knows for sure if Jacques was on the ship on July 1, 1652. It seems most likely, simply because Charny need volunteers to work his new land as soon as possible and there was no reason to use a second ship.
(1) JJ, 1871(1973), page 171.
(2) Poitou is a province of France under the old regime. It is in the central western part of France.
(2) The record of Confirmation in 1660 certifies to this origin.
(3) This title of Seigneur de Charny which Charles inherited from his father came from his maternal grandmother, Isabelle Lotin, who lived in the Yonne. Chamy is the principal location of the canton situated in this department, on the river Ouanne, nearby Auxerre
(4) DBC, Volume 1, pages 442-443. See Honorius Provost.
(4) Fief or Fiefdoms are land areas ruled like a kingdom.
(5) The name of Lirec has been added to honor the name of his paternal grandfather, Francois de Lauson. Seigneur of Lirec.
(6)LSB & 10, page 41.
(7) Franois Badeau, probably the son of Jacques and of Anne Ardouin. He was the notary of Robert Giffard, Seigneur of Beauport, and the secretary of Charles de Lauson-Charny.
(8) The parish records of Sainte-Famille began in 1666, but the first was built only three years later. The present church dates from 1743.
(9) Roy, Léon., Les premiers colons de la rive sud du Saint-Laurent, page158.
(10) Trudel, Marcel., TSL en 1663, page 63. This land comprses the present survey lots numbered 109, 112, 113.

Arpent is a French measure of land, containing a hundred square perches, and varying with the different values of the perch from about an acre and a quarter to about 5/6 of an acre. A perch is equal to a rod or pole, 16.5 feet or 5.5 yards)

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Geneviève Bilodeau – a Story of Murder http://bilodeau.org/?p=28 http://bilodeau.org/?p=28#respond Wed, 04 Jan 2006 06:49:23 +0000 http://bilodeau.org/?p=28 Continue reading ]]> Geneviève is Involved in a Story of Murder
“Our French Canadian Ancestors”, Book 13, by Thomas J. Laforest

The action took place between 1675 and 1677. On 29 December 1675, Gabriel Hervet, farmer for his brother-in-law Hippolyte Thibierge, was buried at Sainte-Famille. He had been found dead in the snow. Originally from Sainte-Solemme de Blois, diocese of Chartres, in Orleanais, Hervet lived at the Thibierge home for several years. He was a bachelor.

On this subject Raymond Boyer (26) wrote:

“Another hanging in effigy (because they could not get their hands on him) was ordered by the Sovereign Council in 1676. It was that of the imprisoned vagabond Simon Du Verger, a resident of the Ill Saint-Laurent, who had been found guilty of the murder of his neighbor Hervet and who had escaped from prison at Quebec a week after he was incarcerated and placed in irons. In addition, Du Verget had been sentenced to a fine of ten livres (due the King’s Court, to pay expenses) and to have all of his property confiscated.” This lead to a curious ruling: The Council ordered that the brother-in-law of the victim, before taking possession of the deceased’s property, pay a fine incurred by the murderer. Another consequence of this litigation was a fine of 100 1ivres levied on Francois Cenaple, the warden of the prison of Quebec; at the same time, the Council ordered him to guard the prisoners more carefully.

How was Geneviève Longschamps involved in this story? I don’t know, but we do know, that this case was brought before the Council on the 6th, 7th, and 10th of March 1676. Genevieve was questioned in March 1677 and charged. On the following 31 August, it was ordered that Billaudeau and his wife appear so that Genevieve, in the presence of her husband, might be admonished to live a better life, and not to be the cause of a scandal in the future. The court also directed Jacques to:

“d’y tenir la main sur peine d’en repondre en son propre et prive nom, a eux permis de se Retirer ou bon kur semblera” (27)

On Tuesday, 29 May 1671, the Provost of Quebec also heard a case brought by Pierre Richer against Jacques Billaudau. Billaudeau failed to appear, and the expert testimony of Romain Becquet was heard; Jacques was ordered to pay a fine of nine livrcs plus court costs.

NOTES:

(26) Boyer, Raymond., Les crime et châtiments au Canada du XVIIe au XXe siècle, pages 107 and 108.
(27) OpCit (21), Volume II, pages 115, 152, and 154.

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A Concession of Land from the Nursing Sisters to his Young Sons http://bilodeau.org/?p=413 http://bilodeau.org/?p=413#respond Thu, 06 Jan 2005 02:58:40 +0000 http://bilodeau.org/?p=413 Continue reading ]]> A Concession of Land from the Nursing Sisters to his Young Sons

“Our French Canadian Ancestors”, Book 13, by Thomas J. Laforest.

On 18 July 1677, our ancestor was again at Quebec, this time in the parlor of the convent of the Hotel-Dieu de la Misericorde de Jesus. He was accompanied by his nine year old son Jean. He and his brother Antoine were each to be given a piece of land “on the l’ile de Saint-Laurent formerly called i d’Orleans”. These concessions consisted of three arpents of frontage on the river, with a depth extending to the center of the island. The lands were adjacent. The neighbors were, on one side, Jean Guyon du Buisson, and on the other side, Jean I Premont. The transaction was concluded in each case for an annual rent of 60 sols in silver and three capons. Jeanne-Agnes de Saint-Paul, the mother superior, and Jeanne-Francoise de Saint-Ignace, the treasurer, signed the deeds for the Nursing Sisters; Jean “Billodaux” signed for himself (which is astonishing, because his parents could not write); the bailiff Guillaume Roger land the notary Becquet placed their signatures.

Nearly four years later, on 27 February 1681 (19), Jacques Billaudeau acquired another piece of land with three arpents of frontage from Jean Premont. It was in the neighboring seigneurie of Saint-Francois de Sales d’Argentenay, towards the south side of the river, between the property of his son Jean and that of Claude Lefebvre, his former servant. The said land had been ceded by the Hospitalieres to Francois Daneau in 1675, and it was finally Simon, Jacques’s youngest son who inherited. (20)

NOTES:

(19) Record of Paul Vachon
(20) Instead of Gabriel who died at the age of 20 years

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History of the Hamlet of Bilodeau http://bilodeau.org/?p=107 http://bilodeau.org/?p=107#respond Wed, 07 Aug 2002 05:27:34 +0000 http://bilodeau.org/?p=107 Continue reading ]]> Hamlet of Bilodeau

Here is a brief history from Names and places of Quebec: illustrated dictionary 2nd Edition Copyright 1996.

Bilodeau (hamlet) sits on eastern bank of the lake Duck, the hamlet of Bilodeau is attached to the territory of the municipality of Saint François de Sales, in the area of the Lake-Saint-Jean. The hamlet Bilodeau first appears at the beginning of the 20th century to indicate the name of a station of the Canadian National Railway.

It undoubtedly evokes the memory of the one of the first inhabitants of Saint François de Sales. Some dwellings were grafted around the railway gate. Thanks, for all the help from those of you who emailed me on where to look for more information on the Bilodeau hamlet. I’m still hoping for some pictures from Bilodeau or maybe a postcard. If anyone has any more information please email me at jim@bilodeau.org I would really appreciate it.

Look! Other   Bilodeau place names I found while researching the town of Bilodeau!
See if you can find Information on them too!
NAME / NOM
TITLE /   ENTITÉ
PLACE / LIEU
POSITION
LAT. / LONG.
Bilodeau
Hamlet /   Hameau
Cton de   Dablon
Cté de Lac Saint Jean Ouest
48.20 /   72.10
Bilodeau
Island / île
Cton de l’   Archipel du Vieux Fort
Cté de Saguenay
51.19 /   57.55
Bilodeau
Lake / Lac
Cton de   Pommeroy
Cté de Témiscamingue
47.06 /   78.47
Bilodeau
Lake / Lac
Cton de   Laurier
Cté de Champlain
47.23 /   72.14
Bilodeau
Lake / Lac
Cté de   Charlevoix Ouest
47.39 /   71.02
Bilodeau
Lake / Lac
Cton de   Dablon
Cté de Lac Saint Jean Ouest
48.20 /   72.10
Bilodeau
Lake / Lac
Ctons de   Bégin et de Falardeau
Cté de Chicoutimi
48.44 /   71.13
Bilodeau
Lake / Lac
Cté de   Saguenay
50.33 /   64.33
Bilodeau
Mount / Mont
Cton de   Ditchfield
Cté de Frontenac
45.31 /   70.49
Bilodeau
Point /   Pointe
Cté de   Saguenay
49.08 /   62.39
Bilodeau
River /   Rivière
Cté de   Saguenay
49.08 /   62.38
Bilodeau
Brook /   Ruisseau
Cton de De   Monts
Cté de Saguenay
49.25 /   67.19
Taken from   “Repertoire Geographique du Quebec” Copyright 1969
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Jacques Billaudeau Fisherman and Hunter http://bilodeau.org/?p=42 http://bilodeau.org/?p=42#respond Fri, 04 Jan 2002 23:02:23 +0000 http://bilodeau.org/?page_id=42 Continue reading ]]> Jacques Billaudeau Fisherman and Hunter

“Our French Canadian Ancestors”, Book 13, by Thomas J. Laforest,

The founder of the Canadian Billaudeau families had a particular weakness: he liked to hunt and fish. This distracted him from the work on his farm and from clearing his land, which he willingly entrusted to his servants. This also gave him a small additional income which was greatly appreciated.

Therefore, on 9 February 1664 (21), a judgment from the Sovereign Council of New France mentions a lawsuit by Louis Couillard de L’Espinay against Jacques Billaudeau and his neighbor Antoine Pepin dit Lachance. The plaintiff asked that the defendants be ordered to return to him a moose which they had “taken”, and that Claude Guyon, his partner, had actually killed. (22) According to Couillard, Billaudeau and Pepin had taken and removed the carcass. Jacques admitted that he had indeed “taken” a moose in the woods; he drove it down to the bank where Guyon. got a shot at it. As for himself, he was content with the head, but he did not understand what the plaintiff meant when he stated that he only made his accusation the next day. In the end, the Council decided to send the parties out of court and to settle the suit without costs.

Ah, those quarrelsome ancestors! Much ado about nothing, as Shakespeare said.

On 20 October 1681 (23), Jacques formed a partnership with Jean Langlois and Antoine Cadde, merchant of Quebec, to go fishing and hunting in the seigncurie of La Riviere de la Madeleine, territory that Cadde had obtained from Frontenac on 31 May 1679. The Seigneur requested Langlois and Billaudeau buy or build themselves a suitable barge for the purpose of a long journey, for which he would pay each of them ten livres per year. However, a judgment by the Sovereign Council dated Monday 23 December 1686 informs us that difficulties occurred in this Partnership.

The contract of 1681 had been declared null (for not having been executed in time) by the bailiff judge of Saint Laurent on 6 July 1683. Judgment confirmed on the following 17 November by the Provost of Quebec, and on the subject of which Cadde had brought an appeal to the higher court. The Council denied this appeal, ordering that the judgment be carried out according to its terms and conditions. Billaudeau was authorized to break his contract, while Cadde and Langlois would continue it, if they so desired.

Several years later, more precisely on 7 June 1694, the notes of Louis Chambalon mention another contract, this time between the navigator Francois Frichet and the Sieurs Baudouin and Labonte (24). All three were associated with Jacques Billaudeau and Jean Moricet in an agreement to fish during the present year.

NOTES:

(21) JDCSNF, Volume 1, page 117.
(22) “Lever” in old French means, among other things, to partition.
(23) Record of Gilles Rageot.
(24) Gervais Baudouin, Lieutenant of Surgeons at Québec, and Gilles Couturier dit Labonté

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Other Contracts made by Jacques and Geneviéve http://bilodeau.org/?p=31 http://bilodeau.org/?p=31#respond Fri, 04 Jan 2002 06:51:08 +0000 http://bilodeau.org/?page_id=31 Continue reading ]]> Other Contracts made by Jacques and Geneviéve

“Our French Canadian Ancestors”, Book 13, by Thomas J. Laforest

Between 1666 and 1708, the name of Jacques Billaudeau was mentioned several times in the records of a few notaries of his time: Romain Becquet, Gilles Rageot, Paul Vachon and Louis Chambalon were those who recorded for him. The nine or ten years when the children were being born and raised were completely silent in the notaries’ records.

On 23 July 1666, Jacques Billaudeau was at Quebec. He had been summoned to the bishop’s residence to conclude an agreement on passage rights of the animals and the maintenance of his part of the lane leading to the mill on the island. It was Messire Jean Dudouyt (18) who welcomed him in the name of ; Msgr de Laval, who was the Seigneur of Beaupre and the Ile d’Orleans. Besides the Abbot Dudouyt, Salomon Allais and Pierre Fauve signed the act as witnesses, with the notary Becquet. As usual, Billaudeau stated that he could not write nor sign his name.

On 5 November 1686, in the absence of her husband, Genevieve Longschamps appeared at the home of the notary Gilles Rageot in order to rent a small house, ten feet by twenty, on the Rue du Sault au Matelot in the lower town of Quebec. This was a transaction between women since the owner, Andre Parant, was a minor and was represented by his mother, Jeanne Badault, wife of Pierre Parant. The house was comprised of two rooms, a small cellar and a small attic, adjoining on one side a man named Lefebvre dit Grand Ville, and on the other, Andre Parant himself. The rent was 75 livres which Genevieve promised to pay in two payments: half in March, the other half at the end of the lease. Louis Bidet, Nicolas Metru and Guillaume Roger signed as witnesses.

Another document drawn up by Louis Chambalon and dated 15 February 1696 reveals that Jacques Billaudeau and his neighbor Jacques Asselin had been the farmers for Francois Berthelot. This was indicated in a farm lease signed between Louis Rouer de Villeray (acting for Berthelot) and Claude Charlan dit Francoeur and his wife. Francois Berthdot had been the first and only legitimate Count de Saint-Laurant (hence the name of the county which is often applied to the island at the end of the seventeenth century and the beginning of the eighteenth). He was commissioner-general of the artillery of France. His domain on the island had four arpents in frontage, and a depth three Steps above the crest of the hill, which forms a type of crescent beneath the place where a water mill has begun to be built.(25)

NOTES:

(18) Jean Dudouyt (1628-1688), administrator of the Séminary of Québec and secretary to the Bishop. He was also Vicar General and Ecclesiastical Superior of the Hôtel Dieu
(25) OpCit (14), 1949-1951, pages 217 and 415.

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